Ready for N5? JLPT Guides & List of 100 Kanji

If you are considering taking a Japanese language exam to evaluate your ability, JLPT would be a great choice. There are more than 1 million people taking this test in one year. People take JLPT to measure their own level of proficiency, to attain employment, to get a salary increase, to get a promotion, or for admission / graduation to education institutions.

In this article, there is overall information about JLPT, including the background information about JLPT, a brief introduction to N1~N5, test information in 2022, and lastly the preparation for JLPT N5. Moreover, a list of 100 kanji needed for the N5 test is in the last part of this article. Don’t forget to check it!

What is JLPT 日本語能力試験 ?

JLPT is the abbreviation for “Japanese-Language Proficiency Test”, which the Japanese name is 日本語能力試験 (ni-hon-go-nō-ryoku-shi-ken). This test is founded by two organizations Japan Foundation and Japan Educational Exchanges and Services (JEES) in 1984.

JLPT was first held in only 15 countries and there were only around 7,000 people taking the test. Until now, there are around 95 countries and areas all over the world holding the exam. Even in 2017, the registration number of JLPT is over 1 million. The number of test-takers has a significant growth year by year.

People can take the test not only in Japan but also in many other countries across North America, Latin America, Oceania, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Middle East, Africa, and North Africa. (Click the link for the list of the countries!)

What can you do with a JLPT certificate?

In recent years, there are over a million people who apply for this test all over the world. There are mainly 5 advantages to getting a JLPT certificate.

◉ It is for those who have an immigration plan to Japan

◉ For those who want to require a Japanese medical license / take an assistant nurse exam

◉ Who is seeking a job position in Japan

◉ Definitely for those who want to evaluate their Japanese ability

5 levels of JLPT

This test is arranged into 5 levels, N5, N4, N3, N2, and N1, in which the order is from low to high. There is no limit that one needs to take or pass a lower level in order to take a higher-level test. In this case, you can apply to any level you would like to take the test.

In all the levels, the main test sections include

  1. Language Knowledge(Vocabulary / Grammar): 言語知識(文字・語彙 / 文法)
  2. Reading: 読解
  3. Listening: 聴解

All of the questions are with several options. There is no oral or writing test in all the levels of JLPT.

N5

◉ Linguistic competence required: The ability to understand some basic Japanese.

Overall pass marks / full marks: 80 / 180 points

Test sectionsLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar)・ReadingListening
Test time① Language Knowledge (Vocabulary): 20 min
② Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading: 40 min
③ 30 min
Sectional pass mark / full mark38 / 120 points19 / 60 points

❝ Check the 100 KANJI LIST for N5 in the LAST section of this article! ❞

N4

Linguistic competence required: The ability to understand basic Japanese.

Overall pass marks / full marks: 90 / 180 points

Test sectionsLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar)・ReadingListening
Test time① Language Knowledge (Vocabulary): 25 min
② Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading: 55 min
35 min
Sectional pass mark / full mark38 / 120 points19 / 60 points

N3

Linguistic competence required: The ability to understand Japanese used in everyday situations to a certain degree.

Overall pass marks / full marks: 95 / 180 points

Test sectionsLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar)・ReadingListening
Test time① Language Knowledge (Vocabulary): 30 min
② Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading: 70 min
③ 40 min
Sectional pass mark / full markLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar): 19 / 60 points
Reading: 19 / 60 points
19 / 60 points

N2

◉ Linguistic competence required: The ability to understand Japanese used in everyday situations, and in a variety of circumstances to a certain degree.

◉ Overall pass marks / full marks: 90 / 180 points

Test sectionsLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar)・ReadingListening
Test time105 min50 min
Sectional pass mark / full markLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar): 19 / 60 points
Reading: 19 / 60 points
19 / 60 points

N1

Linguistic competence required: The ability to understand Japanese used in a variety of circumstances.

Overall pass marks / full marks: 100 / 180 points

Test sectionsLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar)・ReadingListening
Test time110 min60 min
Sectional pass mark / full markLanguage Knowledge (Vocabulary / Grammar): 19 / 60 points
Reading: 19 / 60 points
19 / 60 points

Registration to JLPT

Who can take JLPT?

JLPT is a test designed for non-native Japanese learners to evaluate one’s language level. In this case, even if one has already possessed Japanese nationality, it is possible to take the test for being a non-native speaker! Also, there is no age limit for registration.

When is JLPT 2022?

Generally, JLPT is held twice a year, which is in early July and December. To be more specific, most of the time, JLPT is held on the first Sunday of July and December.

❖ Taking in Japan

  • Test information releasing: (First test) around early February and (Second test) around early July.
  • Registration period (Online only): (First test) from late March to mid-April and (Second test) from late August to mid-September.
  • Receive test voucher: (First test) mid-June and (Second test) mid-November.
  • Test results releasing: (First test) early September and (Second test) early February.

Test Fee: 6,500 JPY (consumption tax included)

Test DateRegistrationTest voucherTest Results
First testSunday, Jul. 3Mar. 25 ~ Apr. 15 at 5 PM JSTJun. 17the end of August 2022
Second testSunday, Dec. 4Aug. 25 ~ Sep.15 at 5 PM JSTNov. 18the end of January 2023

More information: https://info.jees-jlpt.jp/info/

❖ Taking in the United States

Test Fee: 100 USD

JLPT in the United States is held by the American Association of Teachers of Japanese (AATJ). There is no July test in the United States. Information on test locations will be released in May or June of 2022. You can find the latest registration information here: https://www.aatj.org/jlpt

Test DateRegistrationTest Results
First
SecondDec. 4N1: From August 10, at 9:00 AM Pacific time
N2: Form August 12, at 9:00 AM Pacific time
N3: From August 15, at 9:00 AM Pacific time
N4: From August 17, at 9:00 AM Pacific time
N5: From August 19, at 9:00 AM Pacific time
N1~N5 application end on September 13, at 5:00 PM Pacific time
around March 2023

❖ Taking in other countries or areas

  • Some countries/cities only held one test (July or December) each year.

💡 Due to the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), remember to check the official website for the latest news of JLPT!

Preparing for the JLPT N5 Test

After a long introduction of information about JLPT, let’s take a look at what kind of questions will appear in the JLPT N5 test and the suggestion for each section!

💡 Language Knowledge (Vocabulary):

Be sure to be familiar with all the hiragana, katakana, and basic kanji. In the vocabulary test section, you will be given some questions about simply choosing the correct hiragana for katakana or kanji word. This would be comparatively easy with other sections, which might be regretful to lose points here! Check my other article for the hiragana, katakana, romaji chart, and download it to practice.

✎ Choose the correct hiragana for a kanji/katakana word given in the question.

✎ Select the most proper word to complete the given sentence in the question.

✎ Choose the option that possesses the closest meaning to the given sentence in the question.

💡 Language Knowledge (Grammar)・Reading:

After the learning of grammar needed for N5, it is suggested to make sentences using contain that grammar. In this case, you can make sure the usage is correct or not. Besides, it is helpful for remembering the grammar with your own sentence.

As to the reading section, when you are doing the practice workbook, pay attention to if you are spending too much time reading. If yes, make sure to improve your speed of reading before the test!

✎ Choose the correct particle that best fit into the given sentence in the question

✎ While there will be 4 consecutive blanks in a sentence, you need to construct the sentence with the 4 options given and choose the correct option to the designated blank.

✎ You can pick the correct word that can best fit into the blank in an article.

✎ Choose the correct option to the question according to the given article.

💡 Listening

In this section, the conversation you will hear are about the situation in daily life. Besides more practice before the test, make sure you possess the ability to pick up the necessary information.

✎ Choose the best option for the given question according to the description or conversation you heard.

100 Kanji list of JLPT N5

Number & Time

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiWordRōmajiEnglish
oneichi / itsuhi-to / hito-tsu一日tsuitachi1st day of the month
twonifu-ta / futa-tsu二日futsu-ka2nd day of the month
threesanmi / mit-tsu三日mikka3rd day of the month
fourshiyo / yo-tsu / yottsu / yon四日yokka4th day of the month
fivegoitsu / itsu-tsu五日itsu-ka5th day of the month
sixrokumu / mu-tsu / muttsu / mui六日mui-ka6th day of the month
sevenshichinana / nana-tsu / nano七日nano-ka7th day of the month
eighthachiya / ya-tsu / yattsu / yō八日yō-ka8th day of the month
ninekyuu / kukokono / kokono-tsu九日kokono-ka9th day of the month
tenjū / jitoo / to十日too-ka10th day of the month
hundredhyaku百円hyaku-manone hundred yen
thousandsenchi千円sen-enone thousand yen
ten thousandman / ban一万円ichi-man-enten thousand yen
yenenmaru三十円san-jū-enthirty yen
yearnentoshi今年ko-toshithis year
monthgetsu / gatsutsuki来月rai-getsunext month
daynichi / chitsuhi / ka毎日mai-nichieveryday
weekshū三週間san-shū-kanthree weeks
shining / day of week月曜日getsu-yō-biMonday
firekahi / ho火曜日ka-yō-biTusesday
watersuimizu水曜日sui-yō-biWednesday
woodboku / mokuki / ko木曜日moku-yō-biThursday
goldkin / konkane / kana金曜日kin-yō-biFriday
soildo / totsuchi土曜日do-yō-biSaturday
time / hourjitoki時間ji-kantime
minutesfun / bun / buwa五分go-funfive minutes
secondbyō六秒roku-byōsix seconds
now / todaykon / kinima今日kyōtoday
last / yesterdaysakukinō昨日kinōyesterday
tomorrowmei / myōa / aka明日ashitatomorrow
previous / lastsensaki先月sen-getsulast month
whatkanani / nan何時?nan-jiWhat time? (hour)

Direction

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiWordRōmajiEnglish
upjō / shōue / uwa / kami / a / nobo山の上yama-no-ueon the moutain
downka / geshita / shimo / moto / sa / kuda / o箱の下hako-no-shitaunder the box
leftsahidari左手hidari-teleft hand
rightu / yūmigi右手migi-teright hand
front / (time) agozenmae家の前ie-no-maein front of home
back / (time) latergo / kōnochi / ushi / ato / oku後ろの席ushiro-no-sekiseat in the back
insidechū / jūnaka箱の中hako-no-nakain the box
insidenai / daiuchi教室内kyō-shitsu-naiin the classroom
outsidegai / gesoto / hoka / hazu外の人soto-no-hitothe person outside

Human & Body

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiWordRōmajiEnglish
maledan / nanotoko男性dan-seimale
femalejo / nyoonna / me女性jo-seifemale
fatherfuchichi父親chi-chi-oyafather
motherbohaha母親ha-ha-oyamother
husbandotto
wifesaitsuma
oder brotherkeiani
older sistershiane
younger brotherteiotōto
yonger sistermaiimōto
bodytai / teikarada
headtō / zu / toatama / kashira
hairhatsukami
facegankao
handshute / ta
footsokuashi / ta

Color

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiWordRōmajiEnglish
whitehaku / byakushiro / shira白いshiro-iwhite
blackkokukuro黒いkuro-iblack
redseki / shakuaka赤いaka-ired
yellowki / ko黄色いki-iro-iyellow
bluesei / shōao青いao-iblue
darkankura暗いkura-idark

Adjective

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiWordRōmajiEnglish
bigdai / taiō大きいō-kībig
smallshōchī / ko / o小さいchīsaismall
thicktai / tafuto太いfuto-ithick
thinsaihoso / koma細いhoso-ithin
longchōnaga長いnaga-ilong
shorttanmijika短いmijika-ishort
expensive / talltaka高いtaka-iexpensive / tall
cheapanyasu安いyasu-icheap
shortteihiku低いhiku-ishort
goodryōyo良いyo-igood
badaku / owaru悪いwaru-ibad
earlysō / sahaya早いhaya-iearly
latechioku / oso遅いoso-ilate
newshinatara / ara / nii新しいatara-shīnew
oldkofuru古いfuru-iold
(weather) hotshoatsu暑いatsu-i(weather) hot
(weather) coldkasamu寒いsamu-i(weather) cold

Verb

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiWordRōmajiEnglish
listenbun / monki聞くki-kulisten
seekenmi見るmi-rusee
readdoku / toku / tōyo読むyo-muread
speakgen / goni / koto言うi-uspeak
singkauta歌うuta-using
eatshoku / jikiku食べるta-be-rueat
drinkinno飲むno-mudrink
writeshoka書くka-kuwrite
take a photosatsuto撮るto-rutake a photo
使useshitsuka使うtsuka-uuse
cutsetsu / saiki切るki-rucut
washsenara洗うara-uwash
knowchishi知るshi-ruknow
putchio置くo-kuput
meetkai / ea会うa-umeet
vanishshōki / ke消えるki-e-ruvanish
waittaima待つma-tsuwait
teachkyōoshi / oso教えるoshi-e-ruteach
workkin / gontsuto勤めるtasuto-me-ruwork
sellbaiu売るu-rusell

Summary

Thank you for finishing this article. If you are ready to take the JLPT N5 test, hope you have found the information you would like to know. Since the beginning of learning anything usually takes more time and effort, it is important to build a strong foundation in the first phase. As to pass N5, it is essential to build a firm foundation of hiragana, katakana, and basic kanji.

Below is the excel and PDF version of the JLPT N5 100 kanji chart for download. Please feel free to print it out and practice!

PDF version:

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About YUJUNG 17 Articles
Hi! I’m Yujung from Taiwan. Decided to start my career in Kansai area Japan in 2019, I’ve always considered this a right decision ever made in my life. WHY? There are way too many things waiting for me to discover, such as the charming language, spectacular nature, colorful seasons and lovely people!